What are the tax consequences of arriving in Singapore and becoming tax resident?
Resident individuals are subject to tax on income accruing in or derived from Singapore or received in Singapore from outside of Singapore.
However, overseas income received in Singapore on or after 1 January 2004 is generally not taxable.
Taxpayers are assessed on a calendar year and tax is computed on a preceding year basis. Taxpayers must file a tax return by 15 April in the following year.
In addition, expatriate individuals can opt for the Not Ordinarily Resident scheme if he spends at least 90 days outside of Singapore for business reasons in respect of his Singapore employment and his total Singapore employment income is at least SGD160,000.
Does Singapore tax its residents on a world wide or territorial basis?
Income tax is imposed on the basis of territoriality.
Is foreign income taxable in Singapore e.g. foreign rental income, foreign interest income and foreign dividend income?
All foreign income received by individuals in Singapore is exempt from tax where the tax authority is satisfied that the exemption will be beneficial to them, unless received through a partnership. Foreign dividends, branch profits and service fees received through a partnership may be exempt subject to conditions.
Does Singapore have a sales tax or VAT tax on purchases?
Singapore impose a Good and Services Tax of 7%.
Does Singapore have a capital gains tax that taxes me when I sell foreign assets?
There is no tax on capital gains. However, gains from the realization of capital assets can be included in ordinary business income and subjected to income tax if the sales were carried out in the course of a trade carried on by the taxpayer.
What is the top tax rate in Singapore?
Individuals are tax at progressive rates and the top tax rate is 20% for income over SGD320,000.
Does the tax rate vary for different types of income and if so what are the rates?
Royalties received in connection with literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work or from a local or branch of a foreign publisher are taxed at a concessionary rate of 10% of the gross amount.
What are the common tax deductions available in Singapore?
– Self, Spouse and Child reliefs;
– Life Insurance premiums and pension funds contributions
Does Singapore require joint tax returns to be filed for me and my spouse or are separate tax returns required?
Separate tax returns are required.
If I have a foreign company or foreign trust before I arrived in Singapore is the income of that company or trust taxable?
What are the personal tax exemptions in Singapore e.g. a gift from an overseas relative or a foreign insurance payout?
When I leave the country is a 'termination payment' taxed by Singapore before I leave?
Termination payments which are compensation attributable to the loss of employment such as redundancy are not taxable.
If I receive shares as part of my salary is this taxed in Singapore?
Yes. Share options granted by virtue of an employment are a taxable benefit and the gains accrue as income in the year in which the option is exercised. The taxable value is the open market value at the time of the exercise less the amount paid for the share option.
What are other tax consequences of leaving the country?
An individual who leaves Singapore permanently is deemed to have derived a gain from the unexercised or restricted stock option plan, unless his employer is granted approval to keep track of the options. If the subsequent actual gain is less than the taxable gain, the taxpayer can apply for a reassessment of his tax liability.
The employer of an expatriate is required to notify the tax authorities and withhold the salary for the purposes of tax clearance should the expatriate cease employment in Singapore, or leave Singapore for a period of more than 3 months.